Global PV market potential for small island energy systems
1. January 2014
Ecological and economic evaluation of district heating and combined heat and power in a energy system based on renewable sources
6. January 2014

Modeling decarbonization pathways of Europe’s power supply system meeting greenhouse gas mitigation targets

In this dissertation project, least-cost decarbonization pathways for the European power supply system are analyzed.

Based on the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement, the EU has agreed on reduction targets of 80 % to 95 % of GHG emissions. The power sector plays a special role in these plans, as policy makers rely on it to cover potential demand shifts from other energy sectors. In addition, it is relatively simple to achieve GHG mitigation in this sector. Thus, an almost complete decarbonization of the power sector in targeted for 2050. While the power sector has to master this immense challenge, electricity supply also needs to be kept affordable and reliable. This work therefore analyzes feasible pathways towards the intended targets.

The analysis is based on modeling power system investments on a five-year time scale. Feasible pathways to transform the power supply system during the period between 2020 and 2050 are checked for cost-optimal power system design. This includes power plant, energy storage, and transmission capacity. The analysis reveals the power generation mix and size of each power system technology as well as related costs.

© Photo: CC0 Public Domain, Max Pixel
This PhD project is supervised by Axel Hahn, Professor for System analysis and Optimization at Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg.
PhD project funded in context of a scholarship by the Reiner Lemoine Foundation

Reiner Lemoine Stiftung


Guido Pleßmann